Battle of the Nations in Leipzig
The Monument to the Battle of the Nations
Ernst Moritz Arndt was the first to promote the building of a monument in honour of the dead. The initiator of the Monument to the Battle of the Nations was Clemens Thieme, who founded the German Patriotic League in 1894 and raised the necessary funding. The memorial was erected in accordance with the plans of Bruno Schmitz. On 18 October 1913, the 100th anniversary of the Battle of the Nations, the grand inauguration of the largest and most monumental memorial construction in Europe took place.
Leipzig's most famous landmark towers 91 metres high, and is located at the heart of the former battleground. There are 501 steps from the base to the lookout point. A 60-metre-long battle relief on the front of the monument and the pantheon (crypt) commemorates over 100,000 fallen soldiers.
The 10-metre-high colossal figures on the inside represent personifications of the following virtues: valour, faith, national strength and self-sacrifice. The performances of the memorial choir in the crypt make for an impressive musical experience.