CLARA19: 200 years of Clara Schumann - the anniversary year 2019
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Clara Schumann, née Wieck, in Leipzig
One of Leipzig's most famous musicians was the daughter of the ambitious piano pedagogue and instrument seller, Friedrich Wieck. She was born on 13 September 1918 in Leipzig and started receiving the strict training reserved for piano masters from the age of five. She performed in the Gewandhaus for the first time at the tender age of nine. At 16, she was counted as a pianist of European importance.
In October 1931, she performed in Weimar for Johann Wolfgang Goethe, who was full of praise for her. This performance was followed by numerous successful concert tours, for which she interpreted the works of Ludwig von Beethoven, Frederic Chopin, Johannes Brahms and Robert Schuman.
In 1828, she met 18-year-old law student Robert Schuman. Schumann was her father's piano student, and lived with the Wiecks in 1830/31. He fell in love with the young Clara, who returned his affections. Five years later, they secretly got engaged. On 12 September 1840, the celebrated pianist and the as-yet-unknown composer got married in the Schönefeld church and moved to their apartment in Inselstrasse. They spent four happy and productive years there.
Would you like to walk in Clara and Robert Schumann's footsteps?
At the Schumann House in Inselstrasse, which was regarded as an important meeting place for international artists, you can get an insight into the artistic careers of Clara and Robert during their youth. On the occasion of the 200th birthday, the site will be redesigned and expanded. The exhibition, curated by Dr Beatrix Borchard that opened on September 14 at the Schumann House, is entitled "Experiment of an artist marriage" and for the first time addresses the life of a couple of artists together.
The highlights of the Schumann Festival Week from 12 - 29 September 2019
Großes concert / Lauma Skride / Andris Nelsons
At 8 pm, the Gewandhaus Orchestra shall perform the piano concerto, among others, by Clara Schumann in the Gewandhaus.
At 8 pm, Leipzig's Company Dance Theatre shall perform at Schaubühne Lindenfels (location for cinema, theatre, concerts and readings).
The "Inselstraßenfest" (island street festival) on the occasion of the reopening of the Schumann museum shall take place.
10 for Clara - Chamber Music Festival
To celebrate Clara's birthday, ten internationally renowned artists will spend a week together in the city of music. They will perform together in places which were awarded the European Heritage Label in 2018 and discuss and perform after the concert in Claras Club in Inselstraße 18. You can see Antje Weithaas, Dong Suk Kang and Sayako Kusaka (violin), Pauline Sachse (viola),Marie-Elisabeth Hecker and Peter Bruns (violoncello),Martin Helmchen, Antti Siirala and Annegret Kuttner(piano) as well asFrithjof Grabner (contrabass).
10 for Clara: 10 Performers, 5 Concerts, 4 Venues
Schumann House Leipzig (18.09.19, 7:00 pm + 22.09.19, 6:00pm)
Sommersaal of the Bach Museum (19.09.19, 7:00 pm)
Alte Nikolaischule, Old St. Nicholas School (20.09.19, 7:00 pm)
Grieg Encounter (21.09.19, 6:00 pm)
- Festival pass "10 for Clara" for all 5 concerts and 3 x Claras Club, incl. Visit the new exhibition: Special price € 200 (instead of € 255), limited number of spots
- Concert tickets: € 45/35 (reduced) incl. advanced booking fee / Claras Club: € 10 incl. advanced booking fee
- Guided tours of the Schumann house are available on request. (New: "Flitterjahre" (honeymoon years) - musical time travel with piano and vocals)
The life of a powerful woman
“What?! You can't just do that!" Well, some of you know these words all too well. Words that tell us, that we aren't allowed to do something, that we can't or shouldn't. We shouldn't, can't, or aren't allowed to because we are not experienced enough, talented enough, or just not right for the job. And the only correct answer to such a quick judgement is - you can guess - "Oh yes, I can!"
How do you think such a power statement was received 150 years ago? Especially from a woman? As part of the colourful Clara19 project, Leipzig will present an exhibition in honour of her 200th birthday that blossoms with expressiveness: Clara Schumann! But does she really deserve all this praise? Decide for yourself! Today we will introduce you to the famous composer and pianist and her eventful time in Leipzig - but above all we want to show you how strong the woman is behind the musical talent...
Highlights in the 2019 anniversary year
- 26.01.2019 - Opening of the Clara Schumann Year at the Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy University of Music and Theatre
- 03.02.2019 - CLARA - Children's Notenspur Music Salon at the MDR-Studio on Augustusplatz
- 14.02.2019 - "Robert loves Clara", a romantic evening for lovers in the Schönefeld Memorial Church
- March to December 2019 - Special guided tours "The Woman at the Piano" at the Musical Instrument Museum of Leipzig University
- 21.03 to 24.03.2019 - Leipzig Book Fair/Literature festival "Leipzig liest" at the Leipzig Trade Fair
- 16.05.2019 - The Leipzig ballet's première at Lützschena Castle as part of the "Tanz in den Häusern der Stadt" (dance in the buildings of the city)
- 18. - 21.05.2019 Leipzig Festivals with a focus on romanticism and Clara Schumann
- 14.-30.06.2019 Festival Sommertöne (summer sounds) - Chapeau, Madame! (Hats off, Madam!) A festival that celebrates women in music
- July and August 2019 - Piano Summer with the slogan "Clara Schumann" in the Mendelssohn House
- 02.08 to 08.09.2019 - "Clara in the Park" - Concerts with Clara Schumann's compositions, bike tours and walks in the Abtaundorf and Zweinaundorf Park, among other places
- 12.9. to 29.09.2019 - Schumann Festival Week
- from 01.03.2018 GRASSI Museum for Musical Instruments: Cabinet exhibition and special tours about Clara Schumann and the history of music in Leipzig
- 03.03 - 23.6.2019 Clara Schumann and the music publisher Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig Museum of Printing Art
- 23.08 To 19.01.2020 - A special exhibition "Anna Magdalena Bach - Fanny Hensel - Clara Schumann. Three artists in focus" at the Bach Archive
For her 200th birthday in 2019, 170 events are planned. There will be plenty of great exhibitions, concerts and open-air events. The opening of the redesigned museum in the Schumann House in September 2019 was eagerly awaited. Come along and celebrate 200 years of Clara Schumann with us!
Clara Schumann in Leipzig
Clara's places of work
Clara's eventful life
Clara's upbringing was marked by austerity and authority. From very early on, her father did his utmost to market Clara as a child prodigy. After a few years in a public primary school, she began to receive private tuition instead, which allowed her to completely focus on playing the piano. She was limited to playing the piano, both in her education and in her free time.
His controlling ways reached their peak when he wrote from an "I" perspective in a diary for Clara, in an attempt to pass it off as though she had written it herself. Later down the line, Clara wrote in her diary herself, but always had to read her often melancholy entries out loud.
However, his daughter's success proved the strict father right. Clara was much acclaimed, performing on stage from a young age.
Clara met Robert at the tender age of eight years old, when her father was giving him piano lessons. Robert, who was ten years older, lived at the Wiecks' and became friends with Clara. The latter took to Robert and his tales from the beginning.
When she was 16, they became closer, with Robert continuing to rave about their first kiss for years to come. Predictably, however, Clara's domineering father wished to stand in the way of their love. Under no circumstances did he want to see his daughter with an unsuccessful piano player, who also happened to be paralysed in one hand. He forbade both of them from any contact with each other and even confiscated Clara's ink, to prevent her from writing letters. This led to Clara regularly sneaking from room to room to steal ink, writing her letters to Robert sentence by sentence.
Then in 1839, the lovers filed a lawsuit at the Leipzig court and were granted the right to marry. They had eight children together, one of whom, Emil, died aged only 16 months.
During the first four years of their marriage, Clara and Robert lived on the second floor of today's Schumann house in Leipzig. Clara used her long-awaited detachment from her father to further develop herself, both in general, and in terms of her music. However, Robert tried to restrict and influence Clara's creativity too. She was expected to curb her piano playing and to focus instead on the composition side, with the ultimate aim of matching her style with Robert's. His wish was for a "musically unified togetherness". During this time, Clara composed a piano concert, among others, which was premiered in the Gewandhaus.
Meanwhile, Clara had been composing since 1835: among other works, she wrote the Piano Concerto No. 1 opus 7, which premiered in the Gewandhaus. During her marriage she wrote many other works, including several piano pieces dedicated to her husband. Shortly after their wedding, Clara and Robert composed the song cycle "Der Liebesfrühling" ("The Spring of Love") together.
The Schumann's also kept a marriage diary, which was supposed to further support the exchanging of their thoughts. During her time in Leipzig, two of her daughters were born.
Clara, however, followed her heart and very quickly went back to playing the piano and at concerts. The income she earned from concerts could and had to support the married couple and their children. Moreover, Clara spread her husband's name across Europe by premiering many of his works.
Clara's immense fame was demonstrated by the fact that she was received by the Russian Tsar's family during a tour of Russia. Robert, however, was not a fan of his wife's success. When she was celebrated, he was often in the background of the event.
Clara continued to perform as a pianist and went on concert tours into old age. She celebrated her 50-year stage anniversary with a festival concert in Leipzig's Gewandhaus in 1878.
Her success as a pianist, as well as her being a mother to eight children, was rather exceptional in the 19th century, and even today, she is worthy of the title "superwoman"!