Nibelugen settlement (Rundling)
The circular settlement in Leipzigs's Lößnig district
BAUHAUS Architecture: After WWI the housing situation in Leipzig was precarious. 26,000 people looking for housing, meaning that around 13,000 apartments were needed. The architect Hubert Ritter reconciled these needs in his circular municipal construction in Lößnig, which lasted from 1929 to 1930. He was inspired by buildings of the Neolithic period, which were arranged in circular patterns. The so-called "Rundling" was built in the Bauhaus style and was Knight's vision for modern housing. The district structure concentrated urban life and emphasised the community character of the residential area. The district's streets, which intersect the rings, create a visual axis, dividing elements and entrances at the same time.
He used the sloping ground formation for a ring construction and built the inner ring one floor higher. The "Rundling" is made up of 24 houses and has an outer ring with a diameter of 300 metres. The distances between the houses in the middle ring were larger to create a visual connection between every point.
The "Rundling" had 609 flats of different sizes and floor plans. Each one is designed to ensure optimum lighting conditions. A lot of value was also attached to the green areas around the buildings. There even used to be a wading pool in the middle – today roses are planted there.