The first Leipzig Gewandhaus was a concert hall with 500 seats, and many world-famous pieces were premièred there.
Up to 500 listeners attended the world premières of many pieces that are famous all over the world today. These include Mozart's only guest performance in Leipzig (1789), Clara Wieck's first public appearance (1828), Beethoven's fifth piano concerto, Schumann's "Spring Symphony", Wagner's "Meistersinger" prelude and Brahms' Violin Concerto. However, the capacity of the hall quickly reached its limits and in 1884 the New Gewandhaus was opened. Today, this is called the second Gewandhaus. Unfortunately, it was completely destroyed by bombs in World War II.
After this time, Gewandhaus concerts took place in the KONGRESSHALLE am Zoo until 1981, when they moved, alongside the Gewandhaus Orchestra, into the New Gewandhaus (the third Gewandhaus) on today's Augustusplatz. The first Gewandhaus was demolished in 1894. A new trade fair building, the Städtisches Kaufhaus, was built at this location.